kindle ¶ Libellus vere aureus nec minus salutaris uam festivus de optimo rei publicae statu deue nova insula Utopia Ó Paperback á thomas more

ebook Libellus vere aureus nec minus salutaris uam festivus de optimo rei publicae statu deue nova insula Utopia

kindle ¶ Libellus vere aureus nec minus salutaris uam festivus de optimo rei publicae statu deue nova insula Utopia Ó Paperback á thomas more á [Ebook] ➠ Libellus vere aureus nec minus salutaris uam festivus de oLand society as described by the character Raphael Hythloday who lived there some years who describes and its religious social and political customs Painful like pulling teethAn experience not to be repeated

Libellus vere aureus nec minus salutaris uam festivus de optimo rei publicae statu deue nova insula UtopiaLand society as described by the character Raphael Hythloday who lived there some years who describes and its religious social and political customs Painful like pulling teethAn experience not to be repeated

text ã Libellus vere aureus nec minus salutaris uam festivus de optimo rei publicae statu deue nova insula Utopia ´ Thomas More

Libellus vere aureus nec minus salutaris uam festivus de optimo rei publicae statu deue nova insula Utopia ¶ Utopia Libellus vere aureus aureus nec PDF #8608 nec minus salutaris uam festivus de optimo rei publicae statu deue nova insula Utopia is a satirica Review FYI Read years ago wrote review in college Thomas More was the first to coin the word “utopia” More was the son of a court judge and a page to Archbishop Morton throughout his youth in London He was profoundly affected not only by these two great gentlemen but also by the philosophy of humanism that was spread by Erasmus during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Europe As a result of More’s fanatical advocacy of socialism and communism he was tried and later executed on July 6th 1535 at the age fifty seven Sir Thomas More is studied today as a leader of Renaissance literature in England because of his famous work Utopia which was published in 1516 In his work More creates an ideal society on an imaginary island in strange waters The word “utopia” is best translated from the Greek as “a place that can never be” because a “utopia” is a perfect society; however More was simply using this perfect society to satirize life in London during that time period He was not proposing a solution to England’s ills Before Thomas More began writing his masterpiece he was privileged to read several other works which enabled him to write Utopia Plato’s Republic St Augustine’s City of God and the stories about Paradise and The Garden of Eden from the Book of Genesis profoundly influenced More He was also inspired by several Renaissance reports he received from the Portuguese owned “New World” All of these influences led More “to confront all the serious evils of his day religious social and political but he considered philosophically their remedy and that in a manner far in advance of the period at which he wrote Utopia has been interpreted to condone every kind of political theory directed to the transference of power and wealth to self styled reformers” Warrington xii More wanted to reform the society that he lived in; however it was next to impossible to reform a society that had already been set in its ways According to Thomas I White “More’s Utopia has been aptly described as a work that can be read in an evening but may take a lifetime to understand One reason for this is that the book is built on the intellectual euivalent of a geological fault The simple landscape suggested by Utopia’s structure and conception belies subterranean forces that push and pull the book in different directions The resulting tensions may not lead to earthuakes but they certainly erupt in dramatically different interpretations of More’s little classic” White 37 Thus it is difficult to know what More’s intentions were in writing Utopia Per Chad Walsh noted critic and interpreter of utopian societies “a utopia is often an obliue satire on the writer’s own society though it need not be It can represent simply his attempt to conceive of a perfect society More offered Utopia as a guide to the improvement of an England that badly needed it He wished to show that poverty crime cruel punishments and invidious distinctions between classes are not in the order of nature but are man’s doing and that man could eually create a just and happy social order” Walsh 26 He was offering one or two suggestions but at the same time he was also satirizing the foolish thoughts of some philosophers and politicians of the day Yet critics to this day have continually debated whether More’s Utopia was a satire on the way in which London society operated or whether it was what he truly felt London society should try to mirror One can agree despite whatever contradictions there are to those who claim More’s Utopia was a satire that England definitely needed some guidance during this period It seems that More’s Utopia was read as a solution though it was only meant to be a satire that had some valuable ideas While an ideal society seems to be the best solution to England’s problems one cannot help but ponder why men would dream utopian dreams “Man is an animal with an imagination; he can conceive of things that do not yet exist and may never exist Man has the curious and awesome ability to transcend himself and nature There is also the theory that man once lived in a utopia but does no longer and that he is always trying to return The name of this first utopia was Eden” Walsh 29 It does not seem that whether or not man already lived in a utopia or is simply wishing to live in one now is the central thesis of More’s satire The important uestions still remain How is Utopia a satire on English society Is More merely showing men what he believes is the best way to rid London of its problems Richard Marius has the answer “More could not have created an ideal society with so many flaws that affronted liberal imagination More had truly intended to cast Utopia as a dystopia not a good place but a bad place one where rule of reason had obliterated the gentler human virtues” Marius 11 Although there were several seemingly perfect solutions throughout the contents of Utopia it was not a ten step program for London society during the sixteenth century “Utopia is viewed as a prototype of the obverse genre the dystopia The paradigm More created simply lent itself ideally to satire because the distance between his imaginary society and the society in which he lived enabled him to contrast the two” Fox 12 “It is not a blueprint but a touchstone against which we try various ideas about both our times and the books to see what then comes of it all” Marius 12 More’s work was indeed a satire on the many men who continually dreamed of living in a utopian society He saw where English society was in comparison to where other countries and civilizations were and knew that he had to create a society that would give its people ideas but not build the specifics of the said society for them Therefore Utopia was merely a suggestion of ideas one or two not as an entirety that could be conceived as helpful tolerable and ideal In fact “More’s own society was rigidly hierarchical and highly regulated so Utopia may not have seemed as restrictive to him as it does to us Thus it is easy to understand why a writer would want to satirize a bad commonwealth” Logan 8 In satirizing this commonwealth More was simply presenting a society that was so perfect that it could not truly exist; however people enjoy reading about ideal utopias because it gives them some kind of hope for the future “It shows the best society not as a normative or prescriptive model but as actually achieved as already in existence Utopia is a description of the best or in anti utopia the worst society not as an abstract ideal and not simply as a satirical foil to the existing society in full operation in which we are invited vicariously to participate” Kumar 25 “More published Utopia for the purpose of showing the things that occasion mischief in commonwealths; having the English Constitution in view The island of Utopia is in fact England More designed it to show how England would look and what shape her relations with abroad would assume if she were communistically organized” Kautsky 14 By participating in this communistic utopia More is able to present a few suggestions as well as ridiculous meant to be taken as jocular and nothing else ideas all the while discussing his semi radical viewpoints on three major issues The three specific aspects of utopian life that Sir Thomas More attacked in this satire were communismsocialism religion and marriagefamily More’s own socialistic outlook on society dates back to when he was arrested and executed for his beliefs Richard Marius tells readers “ I believe that the answer to the uestions in More’s own mind about socialism was not that we should create a communist society But he does believe that part of the response that More intended was to make us at least ask the uestions for to uestion society is to see it and we must see it before we can do anything to reform it” Marius 5 Since their leader Utopus basically imposed communism upon the Utopians one can assume that More was studying the idea that a communistic society is indeed the solution for London society He was not suggesting this but merely saying that the euality offered amongst a socialistic society would provide stability More does include a section on how the Utopians change their houses every decade so that no one person gets accustomed to a higher standard than another; however the houses are exactly identical according to the section on The Geography of Utopia Marius later notes that “The communism of the utopia deserves another word to this generation that has seen this once mighty ideology crumble to dust in most places where it once seemed imperial irresistible and eternal I’ve also noted that the Utopians acted on the premise that to eliminate poverty the entire economic and social order had to be radically rebuilt from the ground up That was precisely the view of Karl Marx but More and Marx came to radically different conclusions about what the social order would be if it were rebuilt” Marius 8 The idea of rebuilding the entire society from scratch comes along by way of Utopus who senses that again euality amongst the people can only be achieved when things are created from originality not from existing lands Unless man rebuilds everything he owns there can be no sense of justice Similar in the ideas of socialism and communism man must work together to bring about the overwhelming outpouring of parity Thus More is not suggesting that communism is the only way to go the “be all end all” answer to the problems in London society; he is satirizing the idea that everything has to be destroyed and rebuilt in order to gain fairness and euality London society was still heavily distinct amongst classes at the time Marius writes that “to the middle class people like ourselves our messy and fragmented society looks good in comparison to Utopia Here More’s Augustinian conception of sinful humankind becomes burdensome to the soul for in the Utopian commonwealth individualism and privacy are threats to the state I suspect that we see as clearly as anyone does in Utopia just why communism did not work The weight of human depravity was simply too much to be balanced by eliminating private property” Marius 5 A communistic society that contains laws saying that private property is not allowed in society will never last long People have an inner need to own something and More is pointing this out in Utopia; he laughs at those who want to take everything away from the people of English society He basically tells the readers that if such a thing were to occur they should beware of an outbreak of war He concludes by showing how much the Utopians are afraid of war Exactly They are so afraid of war that it is necessary to have such a militaristic society with communism at the helm in their society; however it would not work in London society According to Kenyon “More argues that men could attain salvation only if temptation were first to be removed Given this it was evident to More that social institutions reuired radical emendation Conseuently in Utopia More is to be discovered proposing a series of alternative arrangements such as communism which he hoped might remove the temptation of sinfulness presented by existing institutions such as private property” Kenyon 54 More thought that some of the socialistic views would work in English society but he knew that London was not ready for an overhaul He thus satirized what it would be like if England were communistic There would not be a single freedom such as private property Just as communism was a seriously discussed issue as one solution for a utopian society so were the fundamental laws of religion “More posits in Utopia a set of social institutions designed to reduce temptation limit available choices and channel the will in a reuisite direction The uestion of whether by living under such constraining institutions individuals nevertheless exercise free will is not developed by More to the extent that it might be” Kenyon 58 Thus free will as in the free will to choose whatever religion you want to follow is a prime target for satire in this work At the time when More lived there were many ongoing debates over Puritanism Catholicism Protestantism etc “The discussion of religion presented in Utopia generates a problem not least because we are informed that although they do not subscribe to full fledged sixteenth century Catholicism the Utopians follow a religion that in terms both of its doctrines and its externals maintains several important prescriptive recommendations relevant to the salvation of Christians” Kenyon 97 In Utopia all can practice a religion of any form that they wish They are reuired only to attend a church service which operates in the same manner as a college campus mass does All of those that attend can take from the service what they wish to since there is no one supreme denomination in the city of Utopia After More’s struggles with a corrupt church no wonder he would satirize his experience with religion “In all of these ways More showed himself and his Utopia to be the product of a new age His Utopia has a rationalism and a realism that we associate typically with the classical revival of the Renaissance and that are to be found eually in the architectural utopias of fifteenth and sixteenth century Italy Utopia is a fiction whereby the truth as if smeared with honey might a little pleasantly slide into men’s minds” Kumar 21 More cast his utopian society as one in which life was perfect and ideal thus it had to be considered satirical since there is no such thing as perfection By sugarcoating his views and ideas he was able to create a utopian land that affected humankind than he expected He could show mankind how foolish their thoughts were on trying to perfect and correct everything that was wrong with society A little error can sometimes keep things in balance If everything and everyone were perfect what would man have to strive for More was simply presenting a satirical solution to society that he never meant to assume the role of the “be all end all” problem solver text ã Libellus vere aureus nec minus salutaris uam festivus de optimo rei publicae statu deue nova insula Utopia ´ Thomas More

Thomas More ´ Libellus vere aureus nec minus salutaris uam festivus de optimo rei publicae statu deue nova insula Utopia text

Thomas More ´ Libellus vere aureus nec minus salutaris uam festivus de optimo rei publicae statu deue nova insula Utopia text L work of fiction and political philosophy by Thomas More – published in in Latin The book is a frame narrative primarily depicting a fictional is The term 'utopia' in the way we use it today to refer to an ideal but unattainable state comes from this book which More wrote in 1516 The form is political critiue disguised as fantasy disguised as travelogue More casts himself as the recorder of Raphael Hythloday's travels to the island of Utopia where despite their lack of Christianity the people are closer to realizing the Christian ideal society through rational government than Europe ever was Today serious criticism doesn't have to move under such elaborate cover so our first impulse might be to read it like an escapist fantasy novel But the book is really a counterpoint to the autocratic statesmanship waning feudalism outlined in Machiavelli's The Prince written a few years earlier and the new economic relations of enclosure rising capitalism emerging in England at the time Think of it as a seuel to Plato's Republic and an inspiration for Swift's Gulliver's Travels More asks what if money and private property were abolished Almost 500 years later it remains an interesting uestion The book is also though short full of wit and imaginative scenarios On every page